In order to grab its prey, it takes the shape of a matching mate and puzzles the crab until the octopus devours it. Her suckers will prevent them from falling into the water as she moves around. The main elements of their diet consist of worms, crabs, and small species of fish. They are found around estuaries and muddy shallow bottoms. The Mimic Octopus is found in the area of South East Asia. We have already discussed the diet of the octopus ,but many people wonder about the way octopuses consume their food, especially when it comes to feeding on larger prey such as fish or prey equipped with with powerful defensive traits, such as crabs. Scientists have recognized more than 300 Octopus species. Some species of the octopus have the ability to accurately mimic more dangerous creatures like eels, lionfish and sea snakes. The Pacific Striped octopus surprisingly uses a more devious method to catch its clueless prey. The eyes are somewhere in the middle of the sack-like structure that is referred to as their head. It was discovered by a group of scientists off the coast of Indonesia, at the bottom of a muddy river. Young/ newly hatched octopuses feed on small creatures, like copepods, larval crabs, and sea stars. At the same time, they are able to sneak up on their own prey and take them down without a battle. Vibrant, mysterious, and alive with aquatic creatures, they’re a popular tourist attraction. The female will carry that sperm sac for several months until her eggs are ready to be laid. When the eggs are about to hatch, the female will die. From north to south, it is present from the Gulf of Thailand to the Great Barrier Reef. It spends its entire life alone, except when mating. It is said that octopus in general are some of the most intelligent animals in the world and are also highly sentient creatures, meaning they are able to perceive feelings to some degree. Most octopus are solitary creatures and the mimic octopus is no exception. For the mimic octopus, mating is a tragic love story. Along the coast of Sulawesi. This is especially useful when dealing with predators like sharks that use smell to trace them. DEFENSE – It is active during the day and shelters in a burrow at night. Being able to appear as something harmless, such as a coral reef or perhaps non-hostile creature, the octopus can use its camouflage ability to sneak up on prey. These aren't perfect impersonations, but they may startle a predator enough that the octopus has time to flee. At this time, she will use the sperm stored in the sperm sac to fertilize her eggs, which she will lay in long strings with the eggs enclosed within them. For example, they may move along in the water mimicking the movements of an eel. About 15 and probably more, here are some examples. »The mimic octopus feeds on smaller fish and crustaceans like crabs, lobsters, and shrimp. They catch their food using their tentacles and then inject ink using the beaks to deliver a paralyzing saliva. They are distinct from their Asian relatives by having larger ears that resemble the African continent; they…, Narwhal (Unicorn Of The Sea) is found in the cold water of Arctic sea near Canada and Greenland. There are tiny horns coming out of its eyes. With it being a master of camouflage, one might say it is easy to miss. The name for the Mimic Octopus comes from the fact that they often copy the behaviors of other types of animals in the water. Coral reefs and crevices in rocks are some of the most common places to find them. As she lays strings of them she will use the sperm to fertilize them. It may try and blend into its environment, appearing as something such as a coral reef, or appear to be a different animal entirely – perhaps one more intimidating, poisonous, or simply one that isn’t on the menu for suspecting predators around the area. At a glance, they don’t look much attractive and they in fact look…, Your email address will not be published. What differentiates this copycat from other such animals is that it not only impersonates several different animals, but it can switch between various guises rapidly. The bright pattern may be a warning that the octopus isn't tasty, though it's not been confirmed that it's unpalatable to fish or anyone else. California Do Not Sell My Info Octopus Senses Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here. Perhaps the most exciting thing about their behavior is their hunting strategies. Usually areas such as these are nutrient rich and well populated with small fish and other unsuspecting prey. After the prey is immobile, the octopus begins to take it apart. From west to east, it is found all the way from the Red Sea to the New Caledonia. They aren’t very large Octopus with an overall length of two feet when they are fully grown. As the eggs are ready to hatch she too will die. They live in the ocean because they need the salty water to survive. Mimic octopus preys upon small worms, fish and crabs. Only time will tell what this creature is capable of. One could argue that they have a mind of their own. See Ancient Cave Art Found in Egypt's Sinai Desert, Platypuses Glow Green Under Ultraviolet Light, Behind the Scenes With the White House Residence's Long-Serving Staff, The Lab Saving the World From Snake Bites, How Hedges Became the Unofficial Emblem of Great Britain. The primary diet of mimic octopus consists of crustaceans and small fish. The Mimic Octopus is fascinating to watch due to the fact that they do act like many other animals. They tend to camouflage in their surroundings, making them tough to identify. Mimic octopus – Thaumoctopus mimicus / Photo taken by Bernd. Why Did Ancient Egyptian Scribes Use Lead-Based Ink? Mimic octopus can change its body appearance and color. They have a lifespan of 1-3 years in the wild. It’s a Solitary Creature . The male will die within a few months of this process taking place. It is widely distributed across the tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific. The diet of the octopus are mainly animals with exoskeletons like lobsters, crabs, and shrimp. Cookie Cutter Shark Facts for Kids – Cookie Cutter Shark Interesting Facts, Greenland Shark Facts for Kids – Greenland Shark Interesting Facts & Information, Megalodon Shark Facts for Kids – Megalodon Shark Facts and Information, Tasmanian Devil Facts for Kids – Fun Facts & Information, Wedge Tailed Eagle Facts for Kids – Australian Wedge Tailed Eagle Facts, Harpy Eagle Facts for Kids – Harpy Eagle Fun Facts, Giant Pacific Octopus Facts for Kids – Interesting Facts about Giant Pacific Octopus. Give a Gift. Some species chase their prey, some ambush their prey and others stalk their pray quietly until they can pounce on them. Their highly sensitive tentacles also help them figure out their bearings. The primary diet of mimic octopus consists of crustaceans and small fish. When mating, the male will use its mating arms called a hectocotylus to place a sperm sac into the female's body. The location where these Octopus live are full of food sources for them to feed upon. She is a contributing writer in science for Smithsonian.com and blogs at Wild Things, which appears on Science News. This increases oxygen supply and prevents bacteria or any organisms from settling on the eggs. They have been observed mimicking plenty of other animals too though including stingrays, jellyfish, and starfish. Depicting characteristics of an opportunist hunter, it disguises itself against a suitable background of corals and sea rocks, and waits to hunt on its prey. That is because those are the only two animals that are common to those conditions that a mimic octopus can survive on. The species was thought to only inhabit the islands of Indonesia until one was spotted near the Great Barrier Reef by Darren Coker. Some in captivity have been able to break out of complicated aquariums which proves how intelligent they are. Researchers suggest that it chooses an animal to mimic based on the types of predators it has observed in the past. A more interesting escape mechanism is the release of a cloud of ink. Young/ newly hatched octopuses feed on small creatures, like copepods, larval crabs, and sea stars. It can change its shape, color, size, and even behavior to mimic over 15 different aquatic creatures, such as sea snakes, jellyfish, starfish, coral reef, frogfish, stingrays, and more! They are able to move along this way protected from various predators. The males also have to worry about being cannibalized by the females when mating, as the females are typically larger. At first, scientists believe it only inhabited the Indo-Pacific, but later one was spotted near the great barrier reef in 2012. Their arms can span about 4.3 m. The mimic octopus will typically choose an environment close to an estuary or river mouth because of their muddy, cloudy, and silting debris. They are mostly solitary creatures though reports have demonstrated some few anomalies where groups of up to 40 octopuses live together. Here are 15 interesting facts about the mimic octopus. As of now, it has been observed to mimic over 15 different creatures, sea snakes, jellyfish, starfish, frogfish, stingrays, flounder, – to name a few. They seem to prefer warmer waters and muddy locations out there. This gentle tapping from the most distant side triggers a flight response that sends the victim running into the octopus’ arms. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. It uses a jet of water through its funnel to propel it over seafloor while searching for prey. The young Mimic Octopus will have to fend for themselves from the instant they hatch. It’s a Cannibal Check out video number 10 about The Mimic Octopus after reading or listening to the article. The mimic octopus is an opportunistic hunter/forager. To mimic a sea snake, for example, the octopus tucks itself into a hole and sticks out an arm or two displaying black bands, which it wriggles about to replicated a sea snakes movement. It belongs to the same family as whale. And it can vary its shape and positioning to look like a variety of different underwater creatures. Because the Mimic Octopus prefers to live in shallow, murky waters, it is believed that its diet consists almost exclusively of small fish and crustaceans. Mimic octopus preys upon small worms, fish and crabs. After the eggs hatch, the mothers die. There have been cases of large octopuses feeding on sharks and seabirds. The brown-and-white stripes on its arms resemble the patterning on venomous sea snakes and the coloring of spiny lionfish. Cookie Policy The underside of their tentacles has suction cups that are very sensitive to touch and taste. In the cases of animals with shells, they drill a hole in which they produce the paralyzing saliva. The total size of a mimic octopus (including arms) is about 60 centimeters in length. But there is also another factor at play…. Coker spotted the octopus on a shallow sand flat near Lizard Island during a super low tide on the afternoon of July 4, 2012. They live in the oceans around the world. Coker spotted the octopus on a shallow sand flat near Lizard Island during a super low tide on the afternoon of July 4, 2012. It is active in daylight, hunting for crustaceans and fish on open sand flats. There is a record of a female octopus that watched over her eggs for 4 ½ years before dying. Octopus Habitat Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here. Terms of Use That is why they commonly are seen around the bays of Malaysia.

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