They are brown skinned, of a quite reddish complexion, with handsome faces and noses, in such "scarved" features. Comments on the native women, comparing them to European women, Excerpts from the Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha, "The Discovery of Brazil-Accidental or Intentional? Yeah, I realize its in respect to the Western world, but it's about time they found a better word. I love manga, anime, history, sci-fi, video games, and technology. The people they encountered when they arrived in Brazil lived by a mix of hunting-gathering and agriculture. Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The admiral named the mountain Easter Mount and the country the Land ... they take a good care of themselves and they are really hygienic. Letter from Pêro Vaz de Caminha REF No 2004-45 PART A - ESSENTIAL INFORMATION 1 SUMMARY Porto Seguro, Island of Vera Cruz, Brazil, 1 May 1500 – Letter from Pêro Vaz de Caminha to the King of Portugal, Manuel I. He emphasizes on the "simplicity and good nature" of the indigenous people.[2]. The people they encountered when they arrived in Brazil lived by a mix of hunting-gathering and agriculture. And in that aspect, I am convinced they are like birds, or mountain animals, to whom the air gives better feathers and hair than those of their domesticated counterparts, because their bodies are as clean and as plump and as beautiful as could be! The majority of the full text of the letter this is based on can be found here, though the book isn’t in the public domain, so two pages of it are missing from the Google Books preview. [1] Pêro Vaz de Caminha was the secretary of this fleet; he had been appointed to be the administrator of a trading post to be created in Calicut. When mentioned in a letter to the king of Portugal, it hints at the possibility of establishing a trade network that is not only lucrative, but almost exploitative, since the natives did not possess the same standard of value as the Europeans. The majority of the full text of the letter this is based on can be found here, though the book isn’t in the public domain, so two pages of it are missing from the Google Books preview. He does not describe them as more or less attractive than they were and seems to be particularly enthralled by their nudity and body paints. [1] This letter is considered the first document of the Brazilian history as much as its first literary text. They also tried to give them just water but the natives only swashed the water in their mouths, then spit it out. Either way, Caminha seems to be very sure that Brazil is worth colonizing, and that his information is valuable, given his personal request to the king at the end of his letter, lending weight to the idea that his letter is more than just a daily journal. The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 8) They were thus with us until the communion was over, after which these religious and priests and the Captain communed with some of us others. Walking among them there were three or four women, young and gentle, with their hair very black and very long, loose to their backs; their private parts, so prominent and so neat, and so clean of their hairs that we, by very much looking at them, did not get ashamed. Caminha’s purpose here is to show that the natives are easily trainable and easily disarmed without the need for violence. Their languages were divided in four major families with many isolates, and even related languages and dialects were likely to not be mutually intelligible, so they had to communicate through actions and sign languages. One thing that Caminha seemed especially interested in was the potential presence of silver and gold in the discovered land. After careful reading, the letter appears to be a finely crafted piece of persuasive writing that gives the king every reason he needs to order the colonization of the newly discovered area. [2], Pedro Álvares Cabral led the largest fleet in Portuguese fleet on a mission to Calicut, India where Vasco da Gama has opened a sea route to 2 years prior. PERO VAZ DE CAMINHA (1450–1500) THE FIRST LETTER FROM BRAZIL (1500) This same day, at the hour of vespers we sighted land, that is to say, first a very high rounded mountain, then other lower ranges of hills to the south of it, and a plain covered with large trees. He focuses mostly on the trade of bows and arrows and exotic birds, though he does mention beads as well. View more posts. Many historians have debated on the authenticity of this discovery; some have reason to believe that Portugal had prior knowledge of Brazil's existence. Caminha also spends quite a bit of time in his letter detailing the amount of trade between the Portuguese and the natives. One of the greatest challenges of colonization is local resistance or outright war. This is repeated during each encounter with the natives until they put down their bows before being asked to, “as we had taught them to do” (50). "[5] It is devoid of hyperbole and does not use excessive metaphors to validate descriptions. A CARTA DE PERO VAZ DE CAMINHA Senhor: Posto que o Capitão-mor desta vossa frota, e assim os outros capitães escrevam a Vossa Alteza a nova do achamento desta vossa terra nova, que ora nesta navegação se achou, não deixarei também de dar disso minha conta a Vossa Alteza, assim como eu melhor puder, ainda que — para o bem Institutes and Centres linked to Communication and Information, Linguistic diversity and multilingualism on Internet, UNESCO ICT Competency Framework for Teachers, Communication for sustainable development, Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, Extrabudgetary Projects on Freedom of Expression, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses. He emphasizes on the "simplicity and good nature" of the indigenous people.[6]. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! He plays on the king’s desire to convert people to Christianity by emphasizing how easy it would be to bring the natives into the Christian fold. Caminha then tells the king what the land is worth, listing off timber, potential cultivation, a potential for precious metals, and exotic animals. Caminha goes on by telling the king that the natives have a poor diet of mostly roots and seeds, but took quite readily to European foods, “especially cold boiled ham and rice” (53, 55). [3] Pêro Vaz de Caminha was the secretary of this fleet; he had been appointed to be the administrator of a trading post to be created in Calicut. Comments on the native women, comparing them to European women, Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Irish and German Mercenary Soldiers' Revolt, Excerpts from the Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Letter_of_Pêro_Vaz_de_Caminha&oldid=937537156, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They do not bother to cover their bodies, and show their private parts as readily as they show their faces. This is the first document describing the land and people of what became Brazil. A carta de Pero Vaz de Caminha: como interpretar nosso primeiro documento Trechos da carta de Pero Vaz de Caminha para informar o rei Manuel I sobre a existência do Brasil são a base para um estudo mais rico da nossa História, que prevê a análise de The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 6) And, according to those who went there, they played with them. In the introductory paragraph, Caminha humbly introduces himself and makes light of his ability to write. He tells the king, “The country is so well-favoured that if it were rightly cultivated it would yield everything, because of its waters” (59). Some of them, because the sun was great, when we were communing, got up, and others stood and stayed. Caminha probably believed that as long as both parties were satisfied, there was no harm in it, and it could greatly benefit Portugal. Caminha gives a good deal of attention to describing how physically fit the natives are. I mention this, because the page numbers in the text below won’t correspond to the page numbers in the linked book. This letter is considered the first document of the Brazilian history as much as its first literary text. Also, there is no preview in Google Books for “Portuguese Voyages: 1498-1663,” the source I used for the letter, so the link above goes to another book that also contains the document. "[5] He believes that they are part of God's creation; he is respectful and understanding them that is why he calls for syncretism instead of enslavement. Whilst writing this letter, Caminha was not trying to create a literary work but trying to report exactly what he found; it was a detailed commentary on the "customs, religion and physical characteristics of native people." The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha Following the return to Portugal of Vasco da Gama in 1499 after his successful voyage to India around the Cape of Good Hope, a second fleet of thirteen ships set sail from Lisbon in March 1500, commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral, to follow the same route. Caminha knows this and continually reminds the king that the natives are not aggressive. Caminha has already told the king there are no native crops to speak of, so he presents an opportunity for immediate returns by stating twice that the land is already rich in dates which he describes as both good and fine (51, 56). [5] There is the assumption that it will be easy to convert indigenous people to Christianity. He also says, “our men exchanged some varvels and other small things of little value… for some very large and beautiful red parrots and two small green ones, some caps of green feathers, and a cloth of many colours, also of feathers, a rather beautiful kind of material…” From these quotes, Caminha apparently places greater value on the items being received by the sailors than what they’re giving up in trade. The following is an analysis of a letter written to the king of Portugal by Pero Vas de Caminha, relating the ‘discovery’ of Brazil. They go about naked, without any type of covering. During the first mass, the native Brazilians responded favorably and thus, to Caminha, are worth saving because "they have no apparent trace of spiritual corruption." Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The first time Caminha mentions this is when he says that a crewmember, Nicolau Coelho, went ashore and indicated that the natives should put down their bows, which they did (42). This is the first document describing the land and people of what became Brazil. This introduces the king to the idea that he could colonize the land without having to commit many men, making it a low cost venture. The intention of this letter seems less likely to be about informing the king of what Caminha saw in the discovered land and more about presenting the king with options. In his letter to Manuel I of Portugal, Pêro Vaz de Caminha gives what is considered by many today as being one of the most accurate accounts of what Brazil used to look like in 1500. They do not bother about to cover or to uncover their bodies, and show their private parts as readily as they show their faces. The natives turned the work into a sport and enjoyed themselves, vying with the Portuguese to see who could load the most wood (54). The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 2) And when we were sailing along the coast, the work of ten leagues from the place where we had raised iron, they found these small ships a reef with a port within, very good and very safe, with a very wide entrance. In his letter to Manuel I of Portugal, Pêro Vaz de Caminha gives what is considered by many today as being one of the most accurate accounts of what Brazil used to look like in 1500.

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